Among the nine contracting parties of the Energy Community, Kosovo * has the highest number of fuel poor households, up to 40 percent, and Montenegro the lowest, 8 to 15 percent, according to the study on the fight against energy poverty among members of the Energy Community.
Efforts to tackle energy poverty are part of the Energy Community’s Just Transition Initiative to ensure that the transition from fossil fuels in contracting parties is socially just, for the benefit of entire communities.
Due to the lack of precise data or data confidentiality, the study was able to estimate more precisely the share of poor energy households in only four contracting parties: Montenegro: 8 to 15%; Serbia: 7-22%; Ukraine: 13-18%; and partially Georgia: up to 24.6%.
For Albania, Kosovo * and North Macedonia, the study could only provide approximations, and not even for Bosnia-Herzegovina and Moldova.
Not all low-energy clients receive support
Up to 37 percent of households suffer from fuel poverty in Albania, compared to as many as 40 percent in Kosovo *, and up to 33 percent in North Macedonia, the to study bed.
According to the report, defining vulnerable clients does not guarantee support for all energy-poor households. All members of the Energy Community define them in close relation to social status or income and health, setting aside energy efficiency, gender and energy needs, the secretariat said.
The measures implemented do not eliminate the main causes of fuel poverty
Another important gap in regulatory frameworks is the type of measures implemented to help consumers living in fuel poverty.
“Contracting parties only implement income support measures to protect vulnerable consumers. Such measures only reduce the burden of fuel poverty temporarily without eliminating its main causes, ”the secretariat said.
Energy efficiency measures are the most important
Recommended measures include support for the energy renovation of buildings, replacement of household appliances, improvement of heating systems and support for renewable energy sources.
The study suggests that the measures should also be included in National Energy and Climate Plans (NECP) and National Energy Efficiency Action Plans (NEEAP).
The study was carried out by the Society for Sustainable Development Design (DOOR) and the Hrvoje Požar Energy Institute of Croatia.
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